Some cities use a portion of their budget to hire outside lobbyists to represent the city's interests to the state legislature. However, the positions taken by the city, and advocated for through their lobbyists, are not necessarily the direct interests of the residents or property owners in the city. Further, this adds a double and disproportionate representation apart from the state legislators who represent residents in the city.
In some cases, the policy positions advanced are for greater municipal borrowing or taxing ability or greater revenue raising abilities. A recent example includes cities opposing a legislative measure that would have protected private property owners' use of their home by eliminating home occupation licenses for mere revenue purposes.
When a government entity can use public funds to lobby the government against the interests of the citizens whose funds are being used, this is an inappropriate use of those funds.
Cities were scored based on the average total annual lobbying expenditures for the last two years.
To see a specific city's laws for this metric, click on its name in the right column, then find the = Lobbying ?> row in the table below the Private Property category.