The 2015 Utah's Freest Cities Ranking

Gun Regulation

Category: Individual Liberty

Under Utah statute, a municipality may only impose laws related to firearms that regulate their discharge. However, cities are not required to impose any particular law at all. State law already includes a number of provisions about discharge near structures or when on another's property. This metric measures the degree to which city law attempts to regulate the discharge of firearms in some way.

The first measure is a qualitative binary score for whether a city regulates the discharge of firearms. This measure counts as 30% of the overall metric score.

The second measure is a three-point scale that scores a city's firearm discharge regulations:

  1. Discharge disallowed in the city with no specific exceptions made explicit in the code
  2. Discharge disallowed in the city but city code makes self defense or other exceptions explicit in the code
  3. No firearm discharge restrictions found in the code

The second measure counts as 40% of the overall metric score.

Because cities are limited by state law to regulating the discharge of firearms only, laws in addition to this may be in violation of state law and may also be in violation of the Second Amendment. As state law may change from year to year, it is best if city code remains silent on matters where state law has pre-empted the cities. This can help the city avoid future conflict or confusion.

The third measure is a three-point scale that scores whether a city has imposed additional firearm regulations beyond discharge:

  1. City code includes expansive additional restrictions not in accordance with state or federal law (examples include regulations on the possession of firearms in public parks)
  2. City code includes limited additional firearm regulations or attempts at incorporating state law (examples include provisions about minors or treatment centers)
  3. No additional firearm regulations found in city code

The third measure counts as 30% of the overall metric score. Each measure is normalized individually using statistical z-scores and the total metric counts as 15% of the overall Individual Liberty category.

To see a specific city's laws for this metric, click on its name in the right column, then find the row in the table below the Individual Liberty category.

City Scores

To learn about our scoring methodology, click here.

Rank City Score
1Highland1.714
1South Jordan1.714
1Syracuse1.714
1West Haven1.714
5Heber City1.390
6Herriman1.066
6West Jordan1.066
8Bountiful0.193
8Brigham City0.193
8Centerville0.193
8Clinton0.193
8Cottonwood Heights0.193
8Draper0.193
8Logan0.193
8North Ogden0.193
8Orem0.193
8Payson0.193
8Pleasant Grove0.193
8Riverton0.193
8Roy0.193
8Saratoga Springs0.193
8Springville0.193
8Tooele0.193
8West Valley City0.193
25American Fork-0.131
25Cedar Hills-0.131
25Murray-0.131
25Spanish Fork-0.131
29Clearfield-0.455
29Eagle Mountain-0.455
29Holladay-0.455
29Hurricane-0.455
29Layton-0.455
29Midvale-0.455
29North Salt Lake-0.455
29Ogden-0.455
29South Salt Lake-0.455
29Taylorsville-0.455
29Woods Cross-0.455
40Farmington-0.473
40Kaysville-0.473
40Lehi-0.473
40Lindon-0.473
40Sandy-0.473
40South Ogden-0.473
46Provo-0.797
47Cedar City-1.121
47Salt Lake City-1.121
47St. George-1.121
47Washington-1.121